Answers for Your General Queries

What is Arthroscopic Surgery?

One or more small incisions are made around the joint to be viewed.The surgeon inserts an instrument called an arthoscope into the joint. The arthoscope contains a fiber optic light source & small television camera that allows the surgeon to view the joint on a television monitor and diagnose the problem, determine the extent of injury & make necessary repairs. Other instruments may be inserted to view or repair the tissues inside the joint.

What is Joint Replacement Surgery?

Joint replacement surgery is performed to replace an arthritic or damaged joint with a new, artificial joint called a prosthesis. The knee and hip are the most commonly replaced joints, almost any other joints can also be replaced. Most people have joint replacement surgery when they can no longer control the pain with medication and other treatments, and the pain is significantly interfering with their lives.

What is Spinal Stenosis?

Stenosis refers to a narrowing of the spinal canal, usually in the lower back (lumbar) region. This narrowing is often a result of the normal degenerative aging process. Arthritis and falls also contribute to the narrowing of the spinal canal, compressing the nerves and nerve roots and causing pain and discomfort.

What is Arthritis?

The most common form of arthritis, osteoarthritis, can affect any joint in the body, but most often afflicts the knees, hips, and fingers. Most people will develop osteoarthritis from the normal wear and tear on the joints through the years. As bones rub together, bone spurs may form and the joint becomes stiff after long periods of activity or inactivity.

When should I consider Spinal Surgery?

Surgery should always be the last resort when it comes to treating spinal conditions in the neck and back. However, if various non-operative treatments have been attempted without improvement or worsening over a 6-12 month period, then surgical treatment seems reasonable for certain specific conditions. The decision for surgery should be individualized to the patient and the patient’s symptoms, along with their level of function.

What is Keyhole Surgery?

It is Minimally invasive surgery carried out through a very small incision, with special instruments and techniques including fibre optics.

What are the advantages of Laparoscopic Surgery?

People who undergo laparoscopic procedures often have a shorter hospitalization. On average 1 to 2 days for laparoscopic versus 5 to 7 days for open surgery. Also, since laparoscopy utilizes much smaller incisions, the risk of wound infection is less and consequently the risk of hernia formation is less. While postoperative pain is different for everybody, patients often report much less pain after laparoscopy.

What is Bariatric Surgery?

Bariatric surgery (weight loss surgery) includes a variety of procedures performed on people who are obese. Weight loss is achieved by reducing the size of the stomach with a gastric band or through removal of a portion of the stomach (sleeve gastrectomy or biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch) or by resecting and re-routing the small intestines to a small stomach pouch (gastric bypass surgery)

How do I know that I will be suitable for Bariatric surgery?

Selection for surgery depends on your weight and height, the presence of other health or psychological problems, your age and readiness to go ahead with surgery. The final decision rests with the team but we will do our best to help anyone that we think will benefit from surgery

What is the difference between Cosmetic and Reconstructive Surgery?

Cosmetic surgery is performed to reshape normal structures of the body in order to improve appearance. Cosmetic surgery is usually not covered by health insurance because it is elective. Reconstructive surgery is performed on abnormal structures of the body caused by congenital defects, developmental abnormalities, trauma, infection, tumors or disease. Reconstructive surgery is typically covered by most health insurance policies.

What is Plastic Surgery?

Plastic Surgery is a surgical sub-specialty dedicated to the restoration of patients' facial and body parts injured or disfigured by trauma, burns, disease, developmental abnormalities or congenital defects. It also covers Cosmetic Surgery (also known as Aesthetic Surgery) which deals with improving specific features of patients as desired by them by means of such operations as facelift, rhinoplasty, breast augmentation etc.

What is Urology?

Urology is a medical specialty focused on conditions and diseases of the genito-urinary tract in men, women and children. Urology is also concerned with disorders of the male reproductive system.

What causes the formation of Kidney Stones?

A change in the normal balance of water salts, mineral and other components in urine creates a process known as urolithiasis in which solid mineral particles cluster in the kidneys. There are different types of stones, including calcium oxalate, uric acid, ammonic magnesium and cystine.

What causes Prostate Cancer?

About one in ten men inherit the tendency toward prostate cancer, although no one has identified a prostate cancer gene. Men with a father or brother with prostate cancer diagnosed prior to age 64 have a three times greater risk than men in general. Men in this category should begin screening at age 40. In addition, there are links between diets rich in saturated fats and an increased incidence of prostate cancer but this is not conclusive.

What are the symptoms of Prostate Cancer?

Men with advanced prostate cancer may have symptoms as blood in the urine, painful urination, and a decreased urinary flow. Fortunately, with today’s emphasis on screening and early detection, more than nine in ten prostate cancers are found in potentially curable stages.

What are the things to look for in term of Cancer?

The symptoms like lump in breast, non-healing mouth ulcers, painless vaginal bleeding, bony pain in old age & abnormal long term swelling are to be looked for, in terms of Cancer.

Are there any vaccines available for Cervical Cancer?

Cervical cancer, mainly caused by Human Papillomavirus infection, is the leading cancer in Indian women. Though there are several methods of prevention of cervical cancer, prevention by vaccination is emerging as the most effective option, with the availability of two vaccines.

What is IUI?

Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a fertility treatment that involves placing sperm inside a woman's uterus to facilitate fertilization. The goal of IUI is to increase the number of sperm that reach the fallopian tubes and subsequently increase the chance of fertilization.

What are Dental Implants? Are they safe? How long it last?

A dental implant is used to support one or more false teeth. It is a titanium screw that can replace root of a tooth when it fails. Just like a tooth root, it is placed into the jawbone. Implants are a safe, well-established treatment. Much like natural teeth, it will last for as long as you care for them. How well you look after your implants & whether you go for your regular maintenance appointments will have the biggest impact on how long they will last.

What is Smile Dentistry?

Smile dentistry refers to any dental work that improves the appearance of a person's teeth, gums and/or bite. It primarily focuses on improvement dental aesthetics in colour, position, shape, size, alignment and overall smile appearance.
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